The Republic Square
Since its construction in 1980, this square has gone through a number of names. At first it had been called the New Square, then the Brezhnev Square, until it was renamed as the Republic Square in 1991. The square is 580 meters long and 210 meters wide in its central part. The Independence Monument erected at the initiative of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan is located in the center of the square. The center of the composition is a 28 meter high vertical stele crowned by the sculpture of the Golden Man, a ruler riding a winged snow leopard and representing firm state authority watching over the Kazakh land. At the foot of the stele one can see an open book with an imprint of the President’s hand and an inscription in the Old Turkic language that says ‘Sech avyn’ – ‘Choose and feel the bliss!’. The stele is accompanied by ten chiseled bas reliefs positioned circle-wise and depicting main historic milestones of the independent Kazakhstan. The reliefs do not follow chronological order and simply represent the most important events in the country’s history.